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A Brief History of Cloud Computing

by DCirrus

Posted On 28 March 2019
In today's era, if someone is even remotely acquainted to the technical aspects of computing, they'd be aware of what Cloud Computing is. Earlier, it wasn't the same. Only individuals with the most innovative minds and a dedication to usher the world to a technologically advanced age could begin to fathom the concept of Cloud Computing. Considering the sheer significance of the same in the present, knowing about the humble beginnings of this field is essential to introduce yourself to the curious world of computing.

How did it begin?


The field of cloud computing took birth similar to how most of the revolutionizing domains are created - through an ambitious concept. The concept was forged through the contribution of various imaginative personalities who saw the field of computing for what it could be rather than seeing it as what it was. In 1969, J.C.R Licklider, as he contributed to developing ARPANET, saw the technology for what it could be in the near future. He expressed his ideas to the world. Unfortunately, his vision was limited by the technology of his time. However, it can be argued that the concept had started to grow roots even before J.C.R Licklider set his vision to make the same a reality.


In the year 1961, the John MacCharty, as he gave a speech about computing at MIT, introduced a rough outline of cloud computing as a concept by drawing an image of a future where selling computing would be a common theme. For a few decades, the idea of cloud computing only existed as a concept. 

The Initial Contribution
It wasn't until 1999 for cloud computing to actually transition from being a rough concept to a functional service. The main contributor to the same was SalesForce. The company, through its web-based program, was able to provide software services to its end users by solely using an internet connection. The sound of the same might come across as something common to someone living in our generation but to understand the uniqueness of the achievement, one has to realize that for its time, it was revolutionary. With SalesForces services, users didn't need to concern themselves with specifications to run their programs but only needed a respectable connection to the internet. This easy-to-access and reliable application platforms rapidly gained popularity among businesses owing to cost-effective nature. 

This is arguably where cloud computing showcased the technological community its actual potential. Major market players started developing applications with a similar framework to contribute their part to the community. 

Titans take the lead.

The next innovation in the field of cloud computing came in 2002 when Amazon launched its Amazon Web Services platform that provided organizations with cloud storage, processing, and pre-built templates to integrate within their business. Innovative companies realized the possibilities and decided to use this cloud as a service platform. Owing to the same, the world was graced with today s renowned application platform namely Pinterest and Box.

As the technology developed and more companies started to adopt the same, Google, one of the most vital organizations for the technological community, developed their take on cloud computing as applications referred to as Google Docs and Google Sheets. Using these applications, businesses could now store and create documents within the cloud and could access these documents from anywhere with authorized credentials. This allowed businesses to significantly cut down on resource usage and expenses since there was no need for physical storage devices to store the data on.

To Conclude

Cloud Computing is one of the most scalable technological domains in the current age. Several innovative entities are working to improve the cloud services even as we speak. Accounting for the same, a future where most of our lives are dependent on the cloud seems inevitable. One such prominent platform is Dcirrus, a cloud based storage system. It is conceptualised to deliver secured and cost effective, yet secure solutions to the clients.